谢小飞.西藏林芝巴宜区农村居民高血压患病率及危险因素调查研究[J].转化医学杂志,2018,7(3):156-158
西藏林芝巴宜区农村居民高血压患病率及危险因素调查研究
Study on prevalence and risk factors of hypertension among rural residents in Linzhi, Tibet
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  高血压  西藏  农村地区
英文关键词:Hypertension  Tibet  Rural area
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作者单位
谢小飞 林芝市巴宜区疾病预防控制中心 
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解西藏林芝巴宜地区(平均海拔2 900 m以上)农村居民高血压的患病率及危险因素,为该地区高血压防治措施提供依据。方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法,随机抽取35岁及以上居民425人进行问卷调查、体格检查。结果 该地区居民高血压患病率为45.89%(195/425),男性为45.72%,女性为46.00%;分析显示年龄、肥胖、遗传、吸烟和饮酒为高血压危险因素。结论 林芝市巴宜区农村居民高血压患病率较高,应积极采取措施预防和控制。
英文摘要:
      Objective To investigate the predictors for rapid postoperative recovery from general anesthesia (GA) in children less than three-year old receiving repair of cleft lip or palate. Methods Totally 314 children less than three years old, who received repair of cleft lip or palate under GA in Peking Union Medical Collegc Hospital from Jan 2013 to Dec 2016, were divided into two groups according to the time from extubation to discharge from operation room and back to ward. Rapid recovery from GA were defined as the recovery time less than 30 min. All the records, including demographics, preoperative coexist diseases, the parameters of anesthesia and operation, were compared between these two groups. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to survey the potential risk factors. Results When compared with the rapid recovery group, children in the non-rapid recovery group had significantly smaller age, lower body weight, smaller tracheal tube ID, less proportion of cleft palate repairment, and higher rate of preoperative respiratory coexist diseases(P<0.01). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative respiratory coexist diseases was the independent predictors for non-rapid recovery from GA(OR=5.622, 95% CI=1.650—19.158). Conclusion Preoperative respiratory coexist diseases is an independent predictors for non-rapid recovery from GA in children <3 years old receiving repair of cleft lip or palate.
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